"Studies of the Spirit in the New Testament - 2 Timothy, Hebrews, Jude"
May 1, 2021

C. R. Oliver

May 1, 2021

"Studies of the Spirit in the New Testament
2 Timothy, Hebrews, Jude"
(These books were written during Paul's Second imprisonment)

You may watch this Newsletter in a video HERE.


     As noted, 2 Timothy was written in 67 AD, five years after 1 Timothy. Remember, Paul was mentoring young Timothy and because of the forces confronting his ministry, Paul utters one of the most oft quoted passages in the New Testament.

2 Timothy 1:3-7:
3 I thank God, whom I serve with a pure conscience, as my forefathers did, as without ceasing I remember you in my prayer's night and day, 4 greatly desiring to see you, being mindful of your tears, that I may be filled with joy, 5 when I call to remembrance the genuine faith that is in you, which dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and I am persuaded is in you also. 6 Therefore I remind you to stir up the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of my hands. 7 For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind.

During these days of social unrest and political upheaval, verse seven has been a comfort for many. With turmoil and threatening biological warfare, this verse stands out as a vanguard along with Psalms 91. It is a "touch stone," a bulwark of faith, against the darkness surrounding the church. Challenging threats poured out against Christians, and their churches, call for application of this scripture to undergird the congregations.

Paul, later in the epistle, speaks of the indwelling Holy Spirit as the greatest assurance of God's provision for Timothy. Actually, this is the only reference to the Spirit in the book. We are reminded, however, that the whole book is designed by the Spirit.

2 Timothy 1:13-14:
13 Hold fast the pattern of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. 14 That good thing which was committed to you, keep by the Holy Spirit who dwells in us.

As pastor, Timothy is reminded of the uniqueness of that office and the responsibility to remain faithful to mentor others, just as Paul mentored him.

2 Timothy 2:1-4:
You therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2 And the things that you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also. 3 You therefore must endure hardship as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.

Without doing a commentary of the entire epistle, I want to draw attention to Paul's prophetic word for our day.

2 Timothy 3:1-5:
But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come: 2 For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, 3 unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, 4 traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, 5 having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away.

Does this sound like a commentary on the world condition today?

66-69 AD

Eight times, in this wonderful book of Hebrews, the Spirit is emphasized. Beginning in chapter two, Paul asks a question pertaining to adherence to the Word. If angels were punished for disobedience to their spoken word, how much more is the punishment for drifting from the gospel?

Hebrews 2:1-4:
Therefore, we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. 2 For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just reward, 3 how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him, 4 God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will?

Often, the church has been satisfied with something less than what is cited in this passage. Drifting away is a central caution in Hebrews, for Paul speaks also of "falling away," "holding fast" and "being steadfast."

Following his magnificent Chapter One, Paul began Chapter Two with a "therefore" segment and followed up in Chapter Three, meaning everything said up to this point is contained in what comes next.

Hebrews 2:1-2
Therefore, we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away.

This great salvation which was preached by Jesus, supported by the Father and supplied by the Spirit must never be neglected. Signs, wonders, miracles and gifts are manifestations accompanying the message, but it is the message of salvation which takes precedence, not the manifestations.

The focus of Hebrews is on Jesus as revealed in this next passage. It is here that Moses and Christ are compared as to their faithfulness to God. Jesus takes precedence.

Hebrews 3:5-15:
And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward, 6 but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.

7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says:

"Today, if you will hear His voice,
8 Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion,
In the day of trial in the wilderness,
9 Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me,
And saw My works forty years.
10 Therefore I was angry with that generation,
And said, 'They always go astray in their heart,
And they have not known My ways.'
11 So I swore in My wrath,
'They shall not enter My rest.'"

12 Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God; 13 but exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today," lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end, 15 while it is said:

          "Today, if you will hear His voice,
          Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion."


Again, verse seven of Chapter Three starts with a "therefore" clause. Based on what was said before, the Spirit makes an appeal and gives a warning. I firmly believe that many Christians have hardened hearts and may not be aware of it.

Paul continually makes his appeal to be "heart-careful" for such an appeal is in order today. It is time to preach verse 15, and with abandonment, for the hour is far spent. Definitely, the Spirit will honor such a message.

Later in Hebrews Chapter Six, the Spirit authors another warning, this one more dire in consequence than the former one.

Hebrews 6:4-6:
4 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, 6 if they fall away, to renew them again to repentance, since they crucify again for themselves the Son of God, and put Him to an open shame.

Shades of Esau come to mind at this verse, as does Cain. They sought forgiveness and could not find it.

Examination of one's heart is tantamount in this passage (" Falling away" is an end-time prediction).

Are we not witnessing this kind of behavior under current conditions?

Hopefully, we can be like Paul's comment in verse 9,

Hebrews 6:9-12:
9 But, beloved, we are confident of better things concerning you, yes, things that accompany salvation, though we speak in this manner. 10 For God is not unjust to forget your work and labor of love which you have shown toward His name, in that you have ministered to the saints, and do minister. 11 And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence to the full assurance of hope until the end, 12 that you do not become sluggish, but imitate those who through faith and patience inherit the promise.

Being "sluggish" carries shades of Revelation's "Lukewarm" church. It is possible to maintain a church schedule in a routine manner-that's sluggishness!

Hurrying on to Chapter nine, we discover two references to the Spirit, both regarding the Tabernacle.

Hebrews 9:6-15:
6 Now when these things had been thus prepared, the priests always went into the first part of the tabernacle, performing the services. 7 But into the second part the high priest went alone once a year, not without blood, which he offered for himself and for the people's sins committed in ignorance; 8 the Holy Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing. 9 It was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience - 10 concerned only with foods and drinks, various washings, and fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation.

11 But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. 12 Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh, 14 how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? 15 And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

In verse 8, the Spirit offers revelation concerning understanding the purpose of the Old Testament ritual functions. Although these same forms were operating in Jerusalem during Paul's life, imagine the impact of this message on the Jewish population and its meanings while at the same time enlightening the Gentiles.

The way into the Holiest of All could not be attained as long as the first tabernacle was operative. Jesus offered His blood at the eternal altar through the eternal Spirit. It's all about Him.

Continuing in this same vein, Paul exults in the glory of Jesus' sacrifice.

Hebrews 10:11-18:
11 And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God, 13 from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool. 14 For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

15 But the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us; for after He had said before,
16 "This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds, I will write them,"

16 "This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds, I will write them," 17 then He adds, "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more." 18 Now where there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.

Notice the two "but" clauses (vss.12,15), which indicate there is something different about this Man and the Spirit. This Man sits on the Throne with God, waiting for His enemies to be made His footstool and perfecting those who are BEING MADE HOLY. Joining Him is the Holy Spirit working in the saints and bringing them knowledge of the transforming power within them. "I will remember their sins and lawless deeds no more" is comfort from the Comforter, but doubly so when one understands, "He is writing His laws into their hearts and minds." This is truly "the time of reformation."

Lastly, a warning is made clear - not to trample the Son of God or insult the Holy Spirit.

Hebrews 10:29-30:
…trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?

The person of the Spirit of grace can be lied to, quenched, grieved, insulted and sinned against! He also can be consulted, followed, sought after and glorified.

Paul was well aware that all these factors mentioned up to this point had invaded the church, leaving him to say:

Hebrews 10:39:
But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.

75 AD


Desiring to write about believers' commonalities, Jude changed course and warned the church against Apostates who had crept in. Not only does Jude describe them, he assails them, much like Peter's second epistle.

Jude 8:
Likewise, also these dreamers defile the flesh, reject authority, and speak evil of dignitaries.

Jude waxes eloquent with rhetoric in this passage:

Jude 12-13:
These are spots in your love feasts, while they feast with you without fear, serving only themselves. They are clouds without water, carried about by the winds; late autumn trees without fruit, twice dead, pulled up by the roots; 13 raging waves of the sea, foaming up their own shame; wandering stars for whom is reserved the blackness of darkness forever.

Jude hurls a volley of disdain for those masquerading as part of the church.

Jude 16-20:
16 These are grumblers, complainers, walking according to their own lusts; and they mouth great swelling words, flattering people to gain advantage. 17 But you, beloved, remember the words which were spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ: 18 how they told you that there would be mockers in the last time who would walk according to their own ungodly lusts. 19 These are sensual persons, who cause divisions, not having the Spirit.

Notice: Jude wants the early church to know who these folks are. Regardless of their confession, these do not have the Spirit. Not having the Spirit is the point of discernment. God knows the thousands of religious organizations, whether they are called churches or called by some other name, which do not have the Spirit.

However, there are those who do have the Spirit.

Jude 20-21:
But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, 21 keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

Jude's short treatise boils down to those who have the Spirit and those who do not. Listen carefully, if your fellowship or congregation does not have evidence of the Spirit---change groups!

Also, "praying in the Holy Spirit" is a key factor in faith. Often, we don't know how we should pray; the Spirit knows and He will steer our words, thoughts and direction. He will make intercession for us with groanings. What more does one need?

Until Next Month,

Dr. Cosby R. Oliver, PhD.


From Larry and Marla Johnston in Guatemala:

Contact Information:
          Web: https://www.flamesoffireministry.org/
          Email: flamesoffireguatemala@hotmail.com

FaceBook Web Page

Police Chapel

Through the ministry of Larry and Marla Johnson, the Lord used Oliver Evangelistic Association International (OEA) to once again meet an "out of budget" need. The first set of pictures (below) are interior construction shots of a "police Chapel." Larry and Marla have been ministering through Bible Studies with the local authorities for some time, but always just in a court yard open area (subject to weather conditions). Some of the fellows in the Bible Study proffered the idea of taking a small area in the station and roofing it over and equipping it with other amenities as a Chapel. The Johnsons feel this is an "open opportunity" to evangelize the local government officialdom and to befriend those whose mission is to protect the region of Chiquimula.

Above are three pictures of the construction arena where the police are doing the labor and OEA and our affiliates are supplying materials under the direction of Larry, who is serving as General Contractor. Those who contribute to Oliver Evangelistic Assoc. take note; this is your tithes and offerings helping in a domain that would not otherwise be served. We give the Lord praise and glory for this.

Tatutu, Guatemala, local church

Some years ago, Missionaries Larry and Marla established a meeting place for this area, a building was erected, but like many mission points, circumstances scattered the congregation and the church fell into disarray and was finally abandoned. However, the Lord has raised up a new congregation and upon appeal by the Johnsons, OEA was able to fund the materials to reconstruct and reappoint the mission. Here are some pictures at the re-dedication service of the structure.

From: Ghiorghi Cazacu - Gospel Ministries International, Inc.

Contact Information:

Dorothy Maue
US Administrator

Gospel Ministries International, Inc.
PO Box 661
Belleville, IL 62222
Telephone: (618) 239-0215

Email: gmiius@sbcglobal.net

Here are a few pictures of Brother Cazacu preaching at various gatherings. We thank the Lord for Bro. Cazacu's recovery and his determination to evangelize as long as breath is in him.

Included in this report is a church without a roof in India, where Bro. Ghiorghi ministered. He has made an appeal for $7,000 to carry the construction to completion.

Pray about OEA's involvement in this matter.


Paperback volumes may still be ordered through our website.

To see the currently available books from Amazon, click on the cover images below.

In Spanish:

In German:

To see the currently available books from Barnes & Noble, click on the cover images below.

In Spanish:

In German:

To subscribe to this newsletter, please complete the following form and click "Subscribe". A confirming email will then be sent to your email address.

Email address:
(optional) Your name:

Zadok Publications
P. O. Box 132874
The Woodlands, Texas 77393
Phone: (936)230-3543