"The Sin of Presumption"
August, 2022

C. R. Oliver

August 1, 2022

"The Sin of Presumption"

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"The Sin of Presumption"


Kicking off our study for this month is a word found in the New Testament only in Simon Peter's epistle in 2 Peter 2:10. It is used as a descriptor of the character of false prophets and deceitful teachers. The word is "presumption."

tolmetes (tol-may-tace'); from NT:5111; a daring (audacious) man:
KJV - presumptuous

2 Peter 2:9-11:
…then the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment, 10 and especially those who walk according to the flesh in the lust of uncleanness and despise authority. They are presumptuous, self-willed. They are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries, 11 whereas angels, who are greater in power and might, do not bring a reviling accusation against them before the Lord.

Strangely enough, there is a one-only use of a form of this word in the Old Testament, and it is found in Esther and regarding Haman. (OT:4390 male, to take a handfull.)

Esther 7:5-6:
5 So King Ahasuerus answered and said to Queen Esther, "Who is he, and where is he, who would dare presume in his heart to do such a thing?"
6 And Esther said, "The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman!"

Notice the Greek word study, above, carries a definition of "daring" as does the King's retort to Esther.

Our study, then, will center around the "spirit of Haman." Haman, who epitomizes a man of power and governmental authority, a man, who manipulates his office to carry out personal vendettas, a man, who hated Jews and especially righteous Mordecai, a man, whose hate consumed him and his family.

Currently, many in high government offices have a hatred for Christians and, like Haman, will do everything in their power to legislate against them. It would be appropriate to surmise that the "spirit of Haman" is alive and well today.

Most readers are familiar with the book of Esther and how King Ahasuerus summoned Vashti and how she defied his orders. Hence, the first two chapters of the book are about Vashti's replacement and how Esther was chosen and how the Lord used her, "for such a time as this."

Mordecai is introduced as Esther's relative in chapter two and will serve as the antithesis of Haman and the epitome of righteousness.

Esther 2:5-7:
In Shushan the citadel there was a certain Jew whose name was Mordecai the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite. 6 Kish had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captives who had been captured with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away. 7 And Mordecai had brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had neither father nor mother. The young woman was lovely and beautiful. When her father and mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter.

Genealogy is important at this point, for the ancestry of Haman will reveal he is from Esau and one of those who had no love for Jews (Remember this is the Persian Empire which ran from India to Ethiopia.)

Later, in Chapter 2, Mordecai became more visible to the public eye (something that will be an aggravation to Haman).

…, Mordecai sat within the king's gate.

It was here Mordecai heard of a plot to assassinate the King, and he passes the information through Esther to the King.

Chapter three opens with the advancement of Haman to a place of highest governmental authority. He is second only to the King and all citizens are obliged to honor him by bowing to him wherever he goes.

Esther 3:1-2:
After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him and set his seat above all the princes who were with him. 2 And all the king's servants who were within the king's gate bowed and paid homage to Haman, for so the king had commanded concerning him…

Mordecai refused to bow, even though he was told to do so on a daily basis. Haman was offended. (It seems that high government officials often display a sense of superiority and arrogance and crave recognition based on their position. I can envision the media coverage of these two opposites.)

Esther 3:5-6:
…Haman was filled with wrath. 6 But he disdained to lay hands on Mordecai alone, for they had told him of the people of Mordecai. Instead, Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus — the people of Mordecai.

Others in Biblical history, like Mordecai, have been dissenters regarding ungodly edicts. Mordecai symbolized all Jews in the mind of Haman. He was also one who did not fail to represent righteousness and godly behavior. He refused to bow.

(Currently, there are laws being curried against Christianity, and God's people must be like Mordecai.)

Haman had co-harts who encouraged him, to the point he cast lots (Pur), in order to determine the proper time to approach the King with his scheme to rid the land of all Jews. Holocaust seems to be the design of godless nations. The trusting king gave him carte blanche. Haman's plan was to rid the nation of dissenters (Jews), under the guise they were detrimental to the Kings authority. (It would seem that Haman's ugly head has risen again, only this time it is Christians who are being pictured as domestic terrorists and supremist.)

Esther 3:12-15:
Then the king's scribes were called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and a decree was written according to all that Haman commanded - to the king's satraps, to the governors who were over each province, to the officials of all people, to every province according to its script, and to every people in their language. In the name of King Ahasuerus it was written, and sealed with the king's signet ring. 13 And the letters were sent by couriers into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate all the Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, and to plunder their possessions. 14 A copy of the document was to be issued as law in every province, being published for all people, that they should be ready for that day. 15 The couriers went out, hastened by the king's command; and the decree was proclaimed in Shushan the citadel. So the king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city of Shushan was perplexed.

If this sounds a bit like satan's plan to "steal, kill and destroy," you are correct. Haman sounds like George Soros in that he is willing to give money to see this happen.

Esther 4:7-8:
Mordecai told him (Hathach, the Queen's servant) all that had happened to him, and the sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king's treasuries to destroy the Jews. 8 He also gave him a copy of the written decree for their destruction, which was given at Shushan, that he might show it to Esther…

The cliché, "Follow the money," seems like a worthwhile indicator of sound reasoning. Mordecai strongly appealed to Esther to rise to the occasion and confront the King about this attempt at genocide. She offered an excuse, based on protocol. Mordecai used that oft quoted phrase to encourage her.

Esther 4:14:
14 For if you remain completely silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father's house will perish. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this?"

Mordecai pressed Esther to rise up and stand out for God. She knew this brazen act could cost her life. She also took comfort in the assembly of saints who would be fasting and praying for her. (This was a spiritual matter.) Majestically, she stood in the court and received the golden scepter. She entered and took a diversionary tactic with her. She invited the King and Haman to a special banquet she had prepared for them.

Esther 5:4:
So, Esther answered, "If it pleases the king, let the king and Haman come today to the banquet that I have prepared for him."

Since spiritual timing was tantamount, she used the sense of mystery about her intentions to her advantage. She invited the two officials to a banquet the following day and said she would reveal her petition at that time. God was in charge! This tactic allowed two very decisive events to take place. First, the king's sleepless night and second, Haman's aggressive act of erecting large gallows with the intention of hanging Mordecai on them. Mordecai would act as a public example to all others who defied him. (The same tactic is being used today.)

Esther 5:9-14:
So Haman went out that day joyful and with a glad heart; but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, and that he did not stand or tremble before him, he was filled with indignation against Mordecai. 10 Nevertheless Haman restrained himself and went home, and he sent and called for his friends and his wife Zeresh. 11 Then Haman told them of his great riches, the multitude of his children, everything in which the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the officials and servants of the king.

12 Moreover Haman said, "Besides, Queen Esther invited no one but me to come in with the king to the banquet that she prepared; and tomorrow I am again invited by her, along with the king. 13 Yet all this avails me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate."

14 Then his wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, "Let a gallows be made, fifty cubits high, and in the morning suggest to the king that Mordecai be hanged on it; then go merrily with the king to the banquet."

And the thing pleased Haman; so he had the gallows made.

These five verses are loaded with meaning. In verse ten, Haman summoned his wife and friends to hear his oration describing his good fortune. These friends, no doubt, were some of those who clamor around high officials, hoping for favors and special privilege. With such office comes a realm of elitism which caters to the whims of select groups — called "yes" men. Haman bragged about his wealth (great riches), his children (including ten sons, who, no doubt, had nepotistic occupations) and his own honored position in the court of the King. I am sure his wife and friends were impressed and bolstered his ego, especially regarding the forthcoming banquet set by the Queen.

Notice verse fourteen, where Haman's wife and friends suggest the public hanging of Mordecai. Haman was pleased with the idea. There is only one thing missing with his assumption, he did not have the authority to carry out his plan. His presumption was a leap beyond his pay grade. (In government, there are many who assume their position affords them power not delegated to them and are destined to hear "how the mighty have fallen.") Haman's glee is soon to turn to gloom.

Because of Esther's private banquet for the two most powerful men in government, Haman was emboldened to carry out his plan to hang Mordecai. Mordecai embodied all that Haman hated about the Jews, and he would strike fear throughout the land with this move. (I am sure Donald Trump could empathize with Mordecai.)

Haman was elated over the fact of being an honored guest at Esther's banquet, scheduled for the next day. This was one reason he invited his friends and wife to exult with him. However, being friends with a tyrannical government official brings the same judgement of God on them as on him. Before this is over, Zeresh, Haman's wife, changes her tune and prophesies.

Esther 6:13:
…"If Mordecai, before whom you have begun to fall, is of Jewish descent, you will not prevail against him but will surely fall before him."

While Haman is gloating on his good fortune, the King is having a restless night. This is from the Lord. In despair of sleep, he orders documents that chronical the loyalty of Mordecai in savings the King's life. Finding no honor has been bestowed on this righteous subject, he determines to ply Haman as to the means of doing so.

Little did Haman reckon that as he spelled out his fantasy of greatness and the accompanying honor, that it was not for him. What he envisioned for himself, would be afforded Mordecai. It is comical to see Haman leading the parade of a "be-knighted" Mordecai into a crowded public place of honor, while Mordecai was wearing the garments of the King and riding the finest of steeds. Humiliation must have consumed him, but no one deserved it more.

Esther 6:12:
Afterward Mordecai went back to the king's gate. But Haman hurried to his house, mourning and with his head covered.

The drop is about to fall. As soon as his wife prophesies, the attendants of the King arrive to transport him to the banquet at the palace. He has no time to respond to Zeresh.

At the banquet, the King plies Esther about the petition she had delayed to this time. God's perfect time had come.

Esther 7:1-10:
So, the king and Haman went to dine with Queen Esther. 2 And on the second day, at the banquet of wine, the king again said to Esther, "What is your petition, Queen Esther? It shall be granted you. And what is your request, up to half the kingdom? It shall be done!"

3 Then Queen Esther answered and said, "If I have found favor in your sight, O king, and if it pleases the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request. 4 For we have been sold, my people and I, to be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated. Had we been sold as male and female slaves, I would have held my tongue, although the enemy could never compensate for the king's loss."

5 So King Ahasuerus answered and said to Queen Esther, "Who is he, and where is he, who would dare presume in his heart to do such a thing?"

6 And Esther said, "The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman!"

So, Haman was terrified before the king and queen.

7 Then the king arose in his wrath from the banquet of wine and went into the palace garden; but Haman stood before Queen Esther, pleading for his life, for he saw that evil was determined against him by the king. 8 When the king returned from the palace garden to the place of the banquet of wine, Haman had fallen across the couch where Esther was. Then the king said, "Will he also assault the queen while I am in the house?"

As the word left the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face. 9 Now Harbonah, one of the eunuchs, said to the king, "Look! The gallows, fifty cubits high, which Haman made for Mordecai, who spoke good on the king's behalf, is standing at the house of Haman."

Then the king said, "Hang him on it!"

10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the king's wrath subsided.

Queen Esther, however, in two verses, spelled out the case for herself and the Jews. The King's reply used that infamous word, "presume." Who would dare carry out such a secret plot against the King and civilized society? Haman!

I am sure the King heard the terrified pleading of Haman addressing the Queen. I am sure the Lord of Hosts prompted the thoughts of the King in the garden. I am sure the wrath of God is shown throughout history on such as Haman. (Even today, the evil that pervades the highest offices of government will someday regret their offense to the Most High Lord. The nations still have their Esthers and kingly souls who honor righteousness.)

How wonderful is the Lord, for in one day, HE changed history. King Ahasuerus gave Esther the house of Haman and elevated Mordecai to a place higher than Haman. Instantly, righteousness was rewarded and the plots of evil leaders were revealed and judged. Instantly, the edicts of wickedness were reversed and the persecuted became the prosecutors.

Esther 8:10-11:
And he (Mordecai) wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, sealed it with the king's signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on horseback, riding on royal horses bred from swift steeds.

11 By these letters the king permitted the Jews who were in every city to gather together and protect their lives — to destroy, kill, and annihilate all the forces of any people or province that would assault them, both little children and women, and to plunder their possessions,

It simply did not pay for citizens to support the likes of Haman. Their hatred for Jews carried judgment. (People who vote for and support civil evil will find themselves under the same judgment as those they promoted.) Haman's pleas faded before his eyes and those who shared his beliefs shared the same fate.

Esther 9:1:
Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month of Adar, on the thirteenth day, the time came for the king's command and his decree to be executed. On the day that the enemies of the Jews had hoped to overpower them, the opposite occurred, in that the Jews themselves overpowered those who hated them.

Although many became Jews for fear of them, many held to their mindset and refused to repent. According to Scripture, five hundred (500) died in one count, and three hundred (300) in another - - along with the hanging of Haman's ten sons (this was day one). Day two saw seventy-five-thousand (75,000) fall by the sword. I believe some of the first day's retributions were the friends and wife of Haman.

Mordecai and Queen Esther codified this event by establishing Purim as a holiday.

Esther 9:20-25:
20 And Mordecai wrote these things and sent letters to all the Jews, near and far, who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, 21 to establish among them that they should celebrate yearly the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar, 22 as the days on which the Jews had rest from their enemies, as the month which was turned from sorrow to joy for them, and from mourning to a holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and joy, of sending presents to one another and gifts to the poor. 23 So the Jews accepted the custom which they had begun, as Mordecai had written to them, 24 because Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to annihilate them, and had cast Pur (that is, the lot), to consume them and destroy them; 25 but when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letter that this wicked plot which Haman had devised against the Jews should return on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.

The journey from great anguish to great rejoicing was a matter of a few days. God heard the prayers of the saints and turned their sorrow to joy. At this point, review the Scriptures from both scenarios.

Great Sorrow:
Esther 4:1-3:
When Mordecai learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city. He cried out with a loud and bitter cry. 2 He went as far as the front of the king's gate, for no one might enter the king's gate clothed with sackcloth. 3 And in every province where the king's command and decree arrived, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

God's Intervention:
Esther 8:3-6:
Now Esther spoke again to the king, fell down at his feet, and implored him with tears to counteract the evil of Haman the Agagite, and the scheme which he had devised against the Jews. 4 And the king held out the golden scepter toward Esther. So Esther arose and stood before the king, 5 and said, "If it pleases the king, and if I have found favor in his sight and the thing seems right to the king and I am pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to revoke the letters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to annihilate the Jews who are in all the king's provinces. 6 For how can I endure to see the evil that will come to my people? Or how can I endure to see the destruction of my countrymen?"

Great rejoicing:
Esther 8:15-17:
So, Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, with a great crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and purple; and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. 16 The Jews had light and gladness, joy and honor. 17 And in every province and city, wherever the king's command and decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a holiday. Then many of the people of the land became Jews, because fear of the Jews fell upon them.

Esther stands as a model to all Christendom of how one person, under the Lord's direction, can change outcomes. Her valiant actions, in the face of great danger, challenges us to do the same today. We are here for "such a time as this."

It would be good to have the book of Esther studied by those in every phase of government and preached in every pulpit. Its lessons are as profound and its judgments are as true today as in the ancient times.

Until Next Month,

Dr. Cosby R. Oliver, PhD.


From: Frank and Hily Carrel

Email: shilotravel@gmail.com


This building project to build Shilo Allelujah Fellowship, started on 2 July 2022.

It is hoped that all of the 14 postings will be finished within 2 or 3 weeks. Then the frame of the building will be built, along with a galvanized iron roof, with a wire screen with a wood structure for the sides of the building, which will create an open-air church, which will NOT need to be air-conditioned, leading to no utility maintenence costs.

Randy is the on-site overseer, purchasing materials, taking care of the delivery of the materials, and paying weekly wages of the 3 workers.

Leo is the Panday or Carpenter Mason, who is the Foreman on the job site.

Baldo is a journeyman carpenter, working with the panday.

Aron is also a journeyman as well.

Leo and his crew are trying to get this project done before the monsoon rains come in mid or late September.

The church's location is about 3/10 of a mile [or 1/4 kilometer] back from the main highway. All supplies are dropped at the side of the highway. Then these supplies are picked up by Brother Edwin & his son Sam-Sam with the Carabaos [Water Buffalo], loaded on the carts, and hauled up a jungle trail to the job site.

Here are the latest construction pictures.

Left To Right - Aron, Baldo, Leo And Randy - July 2, 2022

Church Building Site Is Staked Out - July 2, 2022

Sand And Gravel Being Picked Up - July 6, 2022

Digging Foundation Holes - July 6, 2022

Close Up Of Foundation Hole - July 6, 2022

Putting Up The Cement Form Structure - July 8, 2022

Cut And Dressed Lumber - July 8, 2022

Sand And Gravel Being Delivered - July 10, 2022

Cement Posting - July 12, 2022

More Pillar Cement Forms - July 12, 2022

More Sand And Gravel Hauling - July 12, 2022
These are primitive methods but labor costs are low and materials as well.
Note: the use of water buffalos for hauling.

Brother Edwin Hauling Sand And Gravel - July 12, 2022

Cement Forms - July 15, 2022

Close-Up Of Cement Forms - July 15, 2022

Cement Pillars Are Done - July 17, 2022

4 Columns Are Now Done, With 10 More Columns To Be Done - July 19, 2022


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